Meningococcal Meningitis

It is very important that people become more aware of meningococcal meningitis because of the severity of the disease. This particular form of meningitis is a tremendously serious infection that results in the swelling and irritation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. This attack on the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord is very severe if not treated appropriately, as it can result in being fatal in fifty percent of all cases if not treated aggressively.

Bacteria That Cause Meningitis

There are several different types of bacteria that can cause meningitis, some have the potential to cause widespread epidemics and some are far less contagious. One of the most common ways these meningococcal meningitis bacteria can be spread from person to person is through a simple cough or a sneeze. Droplets of throat secretions can pass the bacteria from one to another, even kissing can s[read the disease.  Many common sense things can help stop the spread of this infection. Simply washing your hands on a regular basis and covering your mouth and nose when you sneeze or cough may help prevent you from spreading the illness to another.  Also it is important to never share intimate items like a toothbrush, drinking glasses or eating utensils with another person. If you happen to become infected with meningococcal meningitis the incubation period is usually about four days but can be anywhere from two to ten days.

Awareness of Meningitis Dangers

It is very important that people become more aware of meningococcal meningitis because of the severity of the disease. This particular form of meningitis is a tremendously serious infection that results in the swelling and irritation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord.

Meningococcal meningitis is only a sickness found in people. Your pets or other animals don’t carry or transmit this disease.  A large portion of the population at some time may carry this bacteria in their throat, but in some people it becomes a more serious problem than with others. The factors may be environmental or perhaps hereditary as to who deals with the virus and it’s effects. The rate of carriage appears to be moderately higher in epidemic situations.

Symptoms of Meningitis

It is important to know the symptoms of meningococcal meningitis so that you can seek appropriate treatment as soon as possible. This will give you the quickest and most efficient recovery time. Some of the more common symptoms you may experience are a high fever, a sensitivity to light, a headache, a stiff neck and perhaps even vomiting. Diagnosing the illness early and following a regimen of adequate treatment is important for your survival. Five to ten percent of patients may die within 24 to 48 hours after the onset of symptoms. Even if you do survive you may experience some form of disabling effect including, hearing loss or even severe brain damage.

You should seek a clinical examination as soon as you can and if meningococcal meningitis is suspected, have a lumbar puncture because the spinal fluid will reveal if you are infected or not. Your spinal fluid and your blood will show the increased growth of the bacteria.

Meningitis Treatment

The treatment for meningococcal meningitis is very serious since the disease can be fatal, and a positive diagnosis should be treated as a medical emergency. You have to be admitted to a hospital for constant care immediately. You will not have to be isolated completely from other patients. You should receive an aggressive treatment of antibiotics as soon as possible, in the ideal world, lumbar punctures should be taken immediately and then the antibiotics administered. That way your medical professionals can have the best chance to evaluate your infection. There are many different antibiotics that you can use to fight a meningococcal meningitis infection. It is just important that you start the treatment as soon as you possibly can to ensure as complete a recovery as is possible to have.